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赴加后新职业规划的有用信息
goober 2005-11-16 10:41

看到很多同志移民加拿大后可能会考虑改行,那么到底改哪行更好呢,这里提供一个权威数据库供大家参考,相关网址是

http://www.alis.gov.ab.ca/occinfo/Co...Page&Page=Home

从这里可以查到阿尔波它省各个行业的详尽数据,包括各个职位的Duties,Working Conditions,Personal Characteristics ,Educational Requirements ,Employment and Advancement ,Salary ,Other Sources of Information ,Related Occupational Profiles ,Related High School Subjects , Related Post-Secondary Field of Study。相信大家看完后会对加拿大各个行业有个完整的认识。也会发现和中国同名职业描述相异之处。

比如对于Accountant,(相关表述贴在最后大家看一下,)其中有提到The average salary was $50,600 a year. Accountants who have professional designations generally earn significantly more.

但是对于Accounting Technician,The average salary was $32,400 a year.
至于两者有什么区别,网页中有详尽的描述。

虽然该数据库只是针对阿省,相信对于整个加拿大也有很强的参考意义吧。


附录对accountant的描述

Accountant Produced NOVEMBER 2005

Accountants provide financial reporting and consulting services for organizations and individuals.

NOC Number(s): 1111.2
Educational Requirements: 4 years post-secondary education/training
Employment Outlook: Employment turnover plus average occupational growth in Alberta
Interests: M I D

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Duties | Working Conditions | Personal Characteristics | Education | Employment | Salary | Other Information | Related Occupations | Related School Subjects | Related Field of Study
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Duties
Accountants work in business and industrial organizations, educational institutions, government and private firms that offer accounting services to the public. Duties vary from one position to another but, in general, accountants:

design and administer accounting and information systems that include records of assets, liabilities and business transactions
prepare budgets, tax returns and financial statements
analyze financial information to assist in planning financial management policies, business strategies and the control and use of business assets
provide personal and corporate income tax and estate planning services
provide internal and external auditing services (for more information, see the Internal Auditor occupational profile)
make recommendations regarding solutions to business and financial problems
provide support in litigation matters
serve as bankruptcy trustees and business valuators.
Accountants may have one of three professional designations:

Certified General Accountant (CGA)
Certified Management Accountant (CMA)
Chartered Accountant (CA)


Working Conditions
Accountants usually work in an office setting. Their hours of work vary depending on the organization and level of responsibility but overtime is often required at company budgeting time, month end or in late winter and early spring (when public accountants are busy with year end corporate work and personal income tax returns). Depending on the position, some travel may be required.


Personal Characteristics
Accountants need the following characteristics:

good oral and written communication skills
critical thinking, logical analysis and problem solving skills
the ability to work alone and as part of a team
high ethical standards.
They should enjoy:

having clear rules and organized methods to guide their activities
developing innovative solutions to problems
directing the activities of others.


Educational Requirements
Training to become an accountant involves a combination of related post-secondary education and practical experience. Specific requirements vary depending on the professional designation.

To be certified by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Alberta (ICCA), Chartered Accountants must:

have a university degree or an equivalent combination of education and experience
be employed with a CA firm approved to train students
enrol in and complete the Chartered Accountants School of Business (CASB) program which includes online facilitated learning modules and group interactive learning meetings with facilitators.
Overall, after allowing for study leaves, two to three years are generally required to complete the ICAA program. The final national exam is generally completed before experience requirements.

To be certified by the Society of Management Accountants of Alberta, Certified Management Accountants must:

have a university degree with 18 prerequisite syllabus topics
pass the national CMA entrance exam
complete the two year Strategic Leadership Program while employed full time in a qualifying accounting-related management position.
To be certified by the Certified General Accountants' Association of Alberta, Certified General Accountants must:

have a bachelor's degree. CGA has agreements with post-secondary institutions that allow students to concurrrently study for the CGA designation as well as earn a bachelor's degree.
complete 18 courses. Individuals who have taken equivalent post-secondary education courses may be granted exemptions up to a maximum of 14 transfer credits. Courses may be taken prior to obtaining employment in the accounting field but the program is designed for people who are working full-time.
a minimum of twenty four months of full-time practical experience in finance and accounting.
Prospective students are strongly advised to check specific requirements and course suitability with the appropriate professional association, institute or society before enroling in post-secondary program.

In Alberta, the following post-secondary institutions offer degree programs in accounting.

Athabasca University offers a four year Bachelor of Commerce degree program with a major in accounting. Anyone 16 years of age or older may apply for this distance education program.
Grande Prairie Regional College offers a Bachelor of Commerce program in conjunction with Athabasca University.
Grant MacEwan College in Edmonton offers a Bachelor of Applied Business Administration - Accounting degree program. Applicants for this two year program must have an Alberta business administration diploma in accounting (or equivalent) including specified courses with a minimum grade point average (GPA) of 2.3 on a 4.0 scale .
Lakeland College in Vermilion offers a Bachelor of Applied Financial Services degree program. Applicants for this two year program must have a recognized two year diploma in business administration.
Mount Royal College in Calgary offers a four year Bachelor of Applied Accounting degree program. The entrance requirement is a high school diploma with a 60 per cent average in English Language Arts 30-1 (or English 30), Pure Math 30 and three other appropriate Grade 12 subjects.
The Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) in Edmonton offers a Bachelor of Applied Business Administration - Accounting degree program that includes two directed field study semesters in industry. Applicants for this four semester program must have a two year business diploma from an accredited institution with specified coursework and a minimum GPA of 2.3.
The Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT) in Calgary offers a Bachelor of Applied Business Administration degree program. Applicants must have a two year business administration or accelerated accounting diploma, or equivalent, with specified coursework and a minimum GPA of 2.3.
The University of Alberta in Edmonton offers four year and five year co-op Bachelor of Commerce degree programs with a specialization in accounting. Applicants must have completed one pre-professional year in a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science program. In general, the entrance requirement for these programs is a competitive average in English Language Arts 30-1 (or English 30) and four other appropriate 30 level subjects.
The University of Calgary offers a four year Bachelor of Commerce degree and five year co-op degree programs with specializations in accounting. The entrance requirement is a high school diploma with a competitive average in English Language Arts 30-1 (or English 30), Pure Math 30 and three of the following: Math 31, Social Studies 30, Biology 30, Chemistry 30, Physics 30, Science 30, a language 30 other than English, one five credit Grade 12 subject.
The University of Lethbridge offers a four year Bachelor of Management degree in accounting and five year combined degree programs. The entrance requirement is an average of 65 per cent in English Language Arts 30-1 (or English 30), three other approved 30 level subjects and a fifth approved Grade 12 subject, or an approved business administration/management diploma (for post-diploma admission).
CGA students can earn an Honours Bachelor of Commerce degree by distance education through Laurentian University.

The following post-secondary institutions offer two year Accounting or Business Administration diploma programs:

Athabasca University
Grande Prairie Regional College
Grant MacEwan College in Edmonton
Keyano College in Fort McMurray
Lakeland College in Lloydminster and Vermilion
Lethbridge Community College
Medicine Hat College in Medicine Hat and Brooks
Mount Royal College in Calgary
NAIT in Edmonton and Fairview
Portage College in Lac La Biche
Red Deer College
SAIT in Calgary
Admission requirements for these programs vary but generally include a high school diploma or equivalent with a minimum average in specified Grade 12 courses such as English Language Arts 30-1 or 30-2, and Pure or Applied Math 30.

Continuing education programs are often offered on an as needed basis.

For current information about programs and mature student admission policies, please check post-secondary institution calendars or websites.


Employment and Advancement
Accountants may offer services on a fee-for-service basis or be employed on a salaried basis. They often work for:

businesses
governments
management consultant practices
corporate and personal tax preparation offices
banks
manufacturing companies
stock exchanges
credit offices
public accounting practices
educational institutions.
Experienced individuals who have professional accounting designations may advance to management positions or teach at the post-secondary level. Those in public accounting firms can move through the ranks of senior staff to become managers and partners. In industry, they can become:

controllers
treasurers
chief financial officers
senior executives.
In government, accountants may be employed as:

budget officers
internal auditors
accounting managers
information systems managers
senior managers/executives.
Accountants are part of the larger National Occupational Classification 1111: Financial Auditors and Accountants. In Alberta, over 75 per cent of people employed in this classification work in the following industries:

Professional and Technical Services
Oil and Gas Extraction
Public Administration
Finance, Insurance and Real Estate.
The employment outlook in this occupation will be influenced by a wide variety of factors including:

trends and events affecting overall employment (especially in the industries listed above)
location in Alberta
employment turnover (work opportunities generated by people leaving existing positions)
occupational growth (work opportunities resulting from the creation of new positions that never existed before)
size of the occupation.
Over 25,750 Albertans are employed in the Financial Auditors and Accountants occupational group which is expected to grow 1.5 to 2.5 per cent each year from 2004 to 2009 in Alberta. It is forecasted that 300 to 600 new positions will be created each year in addition to job openings created by employment turnover. (Note: Since accountants form only a part of the larger occupational group on which this forecast is based, only a portion of the new positions created will be for accountants.)

Employment turnover is expected to increase as members of the baby boom generation retire over the next five to ten years.


Salary

According to the 2005 Alberta Wage and Salary Survey, Albertans in the Accountants occupational group working part-time or full-time earned from $14,000 to $194,200 a year. The average salary was $50,600 a year. Accountants who have professional designations generally earn significantly more.


Other Sources of Information
Post-secondary institution calendars and websites (see Educational Requirements above)

EDinfo website: www.alis.gov.ab.ca/edinfo

Certified General Accountants Association of Alberta website: www.cga-alberta.org

Institute of Chartered Accountants of Alberta website: www.icaa.ab.ca

Society of Management Accountants of Alberta website: www.cma-alberta.com


Related Occupational Profiles
Accommodation Manager
Accounting Technician
Economist
Internal Auditor
School Business Official
Systems Auditor

Related High School Subjects
Communication Technology; Enterprise and Innovation; Financial Management; Information Processing; Language Arts; Legal Studies; Management and Marketing; and Mathematics

Related Post-Secondary Field of Study
Business, Management and Administrative Studies

Top of Profile

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For more information on career planning, occupations and educational programs, visit the Alberta Learning Information Service (ALIS) website at www.alis.gov.ab.ca, call the Alberta Career Information Hotline toll-free in Alberta at 1-800-661-3753 or 422-4266 in Edmonton (deaf and hard of hearing individuals can call 1-800-232-7215 toll-free for message relay or 422-5283 in Edmonton), or visit an Alberta Human Resources and Employment service centre near you.

The information contained in this profile was current as of the dates shown. Salaries, employment outlook and educational programs may change. Please check the information before making any career decisions.


Copyright © 2005 Alberta Human Resources and Employment

fafan 2005-11-16 10:48

好象不错噢!

luhui 2005-11-16 11:21

不错呀。

wyman 2005-11-16 16:53

找一找,看看自己能对上哪个职位~~~谢谢楼主,纷纷奖励

singlehouse 2005-11-16 16:56

不错,加SW

Aim 2005-11-16 17:17

已经置顶

goober 2005-11-16 17:23

谢谢!
我的第一个置顶贴,开心!

Jessie 2005-11-19 10:15

很不错的网站.

sxc 2005-11-30 09:57

good

雨后彩虹 2005-12-06 14:25

有用的帖.加分.

小猪在线 2005-12-12 11:46

很有用的,收藏了,谢谢

yancqq 2005-12-19 16:31

不错不错的帖子

wellssong 2005-12-21 11:07

厉害
崇拜
收藏

大鱼儿 2006-01-02 10:04

好东西!
谢谢!

angle2003 2006-01-02 12:49

真感谢分享!

MAISIE 2006-01-06 01:14

很好啊,请问在哪里可以获得会计方面的相应的证书呢,具体程序是怎样的呢,很感兴趣,不知难否?

goober 2006-01-07 14:33

在google搜索阿,cga,cma,ca
cga最简单。

huruyi28 2006-01-10 22:26

感谢分享,慢慢啃

戈多 2006-01-16 10:30

谢谢

flybabycat 2006-01-26 00:46

真是有用的信息!!!加SW!

gdpingping 2006-01-30 13:54

很有用的分享,纷纷

zhouying 2006-02-14 15:33

ding~~~~~~~ding

nogun 2006-03-07 00:11

不错的信息

朱朱LOVE梅梅 2006-03-10 12:15

不错不错,3ks

hows123 2006-03-26 11:24

多谢楼主,献上鲜花一朵

repluie 2006-03-26 19:44

谢了

queensh 2006-04-09 13:33

谢谢楼主

lindazy 2006-04-11 16:44

Great!

cdfdf 2006-04-27 15:55

thanks a lot

Gérard1629 2006-05-08 15:11

谢谢楼主的分享:)

飘雾雾 2006-05-11 15:58

看英文真累啊...
费眼还不懂!!

兰心儿 2006-05-17 22:38

非常有用,感谢分享!

clumsy 2006-05-19 04:12

不错的网站啊!

Tracy_Jeff 2006-05-31 14:52

感谢分享

jczb 2006-06-19 20:03

thank you

没什么好怕的 2006-06-29 19:08

不错。加SW。

happytom 2006-06-29 19:35

谢!

prospective 2006-06-30 13:42

有用,谢谢

嘉士伯 2006-06-30 14:47

不错, 知道自己处在社会的什么层次了!

T&W 2006-07-11 16:28

嗯,不错,收藏了。

gingerjym 2006-07-11 16:58

有用,谢了!

光线moto 2007-04-30 11:55

收藏!

tongtongyu 2007-04-30 19:02

好贴

DNW 2007-05-06 22:35

顶一个啊!!!

noblechina 2007-06-25 22:09

有用,谢谢!

到处乱走的鱼 2007-07-23 12:59

:wdb10::wdb10:

cattery 2007-08-13 18:28

cool!:wdb17:

梦里雪飞扬 2009-04-16 03:26

up

leesabrina 2012-07-08 01:20

收藏,谢谢

laowu 2012-07-15 11:41

记号